Professor Hannes Charen
Summary of Philosophy
Feb 27th, 2014
2 . Precisely what is the role of viewpoint for Socrates and what makes it valuable in itself? Explain 3 arguments Socrates gives to get the immortality of the heart. Briefly clarify Cebes and Simmias' counterarguments using examples from the text message for support. Finally, based on your understanding of the Phaedo give you a interpretation in the last words and phrases of Socrates and add to its validity by citing the text. In Plato's The Last Days of Socrates, Phaedo offers an account in the last few several hours of Socrates' life, to Echecrates when he encounters him after Socrates' death. In Phaedo's telling of the account, we learn about why Philosophy was so important to Socrates, and how come he put in his last hours explaining his disputes about the body and the spirit, to his two friend Cebes and Simmias. Socrates presents several separate quarrels as to how the soul lives separately in the body, the first staying the theory of opposites, seconded by the theory of memory space, and accompanied by his theory of Cast. After this individual presents his first 3 arguments, Simmias and Cebes interject using their opinions and counterarguments to Socrates' initial three, which is then when Socrates comes up with his fourth and final disagreement вЂ“ Theory of the Varieties. The last and final debate is one of the most critical arguments that Socrates is likely to make throughout the complete story. Phaedo ends his account to Echecrates simply by telling all of us of the last words of Socrates. Socrates was a well-known Greek thinker, known primarily through the writings of his students, such as Plato who wrote the novel in which we are highlighting. Socrates did not write down some of his suggestions or knowledge, but rather instilled that upon other people who took the responsibility of composing it straight down for themselves. During Socrates' last hours, we discover out why Philosophy was so important to him. This individual argues the fact that soul is known as a separate organization from the human body, and that we have to separate the soul in terms of possible by it. This individual relates this kind of to fatality, by saying that death are these claims freeing and parting from the soul from your body. Socrates states, on-page 100 collection 67d exactly why Philosophy is very important вЂ“ " вЂ¦those that go in for viewpoint in the correct way who also are always desperate to set the soul free of charge; what philosophers practice is precisely this, the freeing and parting of soul from body. вЂќ He thinks that Philosophers live their very own lives being as near to death as is feasible, " those occupied appropriately in idea really do practice dying, and death is less frightening to them than for anyone else (Plato 67a). вЂќ He states that if perhaps philosophers desire that one factor, separating the soul through the body, then they must always end up being close to death and to hardly ever be afraid from it. Socrates shows his initial argument that " everything comes to be through contrary things coming to be by no other source than their own opposites (Plato 70e). вЂќ He believed that everything that is present, has an contrary and must have came from that opposite. He provided illustrations such as " the beautiful is presumably reverse to the uglyвЂќ or " when something comes to always be bigger, it must be from becoming smaller before (Plato 70e). вЂќ In explaining this kind of argument, he presents that between the two members of the pair, you will find two-processes pertaining to the set to come into being. In order for anything to be big, it had to come from becoming small , that increased in proportions but it can go the alternative way and decrease in size too. This debate relates to the soul plus the body simply by saying that being alive comes with an opposite, which can be being useless. In order for the opposites debate to be rational, one must be able to keep coming back from the lifeless and be with your life, so it is from your dead that living things come to be alive. This leads us to believe the soul can be immortal, and existed prior to body. Socrates sums up this disagreement by declaring, " the living have come from the lifeless no less than the dead from the living;...
Reported: Plato,, and Christopher Rowe. The Last Day of Socrates. New York: Penguin Classics, 2010. 87-169. Printing.